The speaker is affirming that, whether a person believes in heaven and hell or not, the plain fact is that the individual is in charge, is in control of their own fate. Please log in again. This helps keep the whole poem together. Written in 1875, the piece is classified as a Victorian poem focusing on the speaker’s willingness to overcome the physical and emotional challenges happening in his life. This is one of the poems in which knowing the author’s background is of great help. Literary Analysis Essay of William Ernest Henley ‘Invictus’ ‘Invictus’ is a short poem by William Ernest Henley. In Invictus (2009), a biographical sports drama film based on John Carlin’s “Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game That Made a Nation” (2008), he was depicted presenting a copy of the poem to Francois Pienaar, captain of the national South African rugby team for inspiration during the 1995 Rugby World Cup. Henley suffered from terrible health problems and also had a child who passed during his own lifetime. Apart from that, the theme of homocentrism is another important aspect of the poem. Henley’s famous and inspirational poem, Invictus. The last two lines of William Ernest Henley’s poem ‘Invictus‘ contain invaluable advice to those who blame God for their failures. However, there are a few variations in the poem. Politicians and authors also love to quote the inspirational last two lines of the poem: In this poem, the speaker is faced with seemingly insurmountable challenges. By William Ernest Henley. Henley's personal experience on the operating table and in a hospital bed, facing possible death, certainly helped him create one of the most popular poems in the English language. In ‘Invictus’, W. E. Henley concerns several themes such as suffering and rejuvenation, fatalism, free will, homocentrism or anthropocentrism, realism, and agnosticism. It is said that William Ernest Henley wrote the poem in 1875 for a Scottish flour merchant named Robert Thomas Hamilton Bruce. All of the four stanzas have the alternate or the ABAB rhyme scheme. The night then becomes a symbol of hopelessness, a depressive medium in which the soul is lost. In fact, the speaker has been unafraid throughout the ordeal, which has lasted years, and will continue to show a brave face. It deals with the belief that man is the center of the universe. This is the gate that leads to the heavenly life. Times may be dark, the fates against you, but you know what? Henley’s most famous and inspirational poem, that resonates with people worldwide. In the second line, there is a simile and the comparison is made between the darkness of night to the color of the pit. Thus, we can safely assume “Invictus” is about the speaker’s pain and uncertainty of his future. This is similar in feeling to the idea of St John of the Cross, the Spanish mystic, writing in the 16th century of 'the dark night of the soul', where the human spirit has lost its normal confident, self-assured status. To give such lines justice, we made sure to do a deeper analysis and understanding of these lines, by particularly looking at ‘I am the master of my fate, / I am the captain of my soul’. The third stanza of ‘Invictus’ takes a darker turn, for the speaker refers to an afterlife that is filled with horror. Nelson Mandela has been depicted in films on multiple occasions. Here is a list of a few poems that depict the themes present in Henley’s poem, ‘Invictus’. He has a passion for poetry and enjoys analysing and providing interpretations for poetry from the past and present. Lines eleven and twelve read, “And yet the menace of the years/ Finds, and shall find, me unafraid.” The speaker will remain fearless, even in the face of death and what comes after. 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