by Dale, M. F. B.\Dewar, A. M.\Fisherr, S. J.\Haydock, P. P. J.\Jaggard, K. W.\May, M. J.\Smith, H. G.\Storey, R. M. J.\Wiltshire, J. J. New York, USA: Charles Scribner's Sons. High temperatures during growth and storage tend to shorten dormancy and low temperatures prolong the dormancy period. http://tropicos.org/Project/CE, Wagner WL, Herbst DR, Lorence DH, 2014. Potato seeds mature in 70 to 90 days. Lycium barbarum. New York, USA: Columbia University Press, 379-382. var. Widely cultivated throughout the world for its edible tubers (1998) report that clopyralid and ethofumesate reduce the vigour and population density of S. tuberosum in sugarbeet crops. Proceedings of the 10th Easter School in Agricultural Science. Home > Name Search > Solanum tuberosum L. Choose Project. Pesticide Outlook, 11(6):230-232; 11 ref. Solanum tuberosum (potato); white flowers. June, 2012. If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases; If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. In: D'Arcy WG, ed. http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/hawaiianflora/index.htm. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). In Pakistan the species apparently does well in hilly areas up to 3000 m (Flora of Pakistan, 2014). Advertisement For best results dig over the soil well and incorporate plenty of compost or rotted manure before planting. In: Solanaceae: Biology and Systematics. Wagner WL, Herbst DR, Lorence DH, 2014. Solanum tuberosum (potato); fruits, which are typical of Solanacae and, poisonous. St. Louis, MO and Cambridge, MA, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. IPCN Chromosome Reports, 2014. Evaluation of ioxynil, fluroxypyr and clopyralid for the control of volunteer potato in vegetable crops. The species has been present in Africa as a widely cultivated food crop since at least the early 19th century (Jaeger and Hepper, 1986). Little or no tuberization occurs at night temperatures above 22°C. MacKerron D, Mackay G, 2000. Pesticide Outlook, 11(5):181-185; 24 ref. In the USA, 32% of the potato harvest was processed into French fries during 1989-1990. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia), Tropicos website., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. New York, USA: Columbia University Press, 383-404. Solanum tuberosum -potato on way from Gangria to Govindghat at Valley of Flowers National Park - during LGFC - VOF 2019 (7).jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 5.68 MB Solanum tuberosum 001.JPG 1,772 … Solanum tuberosum -potato on way from Gangria to Govindghat at Valley of Flowers National Park - during LGFC - VOF 2019 (7).jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 5.68 MB Solanum tuberosum 001.JPG 1,772 … The species has no common names No synonyms available. Water the tubers thoroughly two weeks before harvesting, and leave them to dry on the soil surface for … Volunteer potato (Solanum tuberosum) control with herbicides and cultivation in onion (Allium cepa). group Andigena (S. tuberosum subsp. Potato. Nausea, vomiting, salivation, drowsiness, abdominal pain, diarrhea, weakness, respiratory depression; may be fatal. S. tuberosum is a complex species with diploid, triploid and tetraploid representatives. Nat, 10:231-304. Light soil, if consistently moist, can help the plant grow large, evenly-shaped potatoes. Flora Mesoamericana, 2014. Solanum est un genre de plantes dicotylédones de la famille des Solanaceae, sous-famille des Solanoideae, à répartition quasi-cosmopolite, mais présent surtout dans les régions tropicales d'Amérique. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan. Vegetable production and practices., Vegetable production and practices:ix + 476 pp. Tutorial; Documentation; Contact Us; About PlantFA; Sign In ; Exploring Phylogenetic Relationships between Hundreds of Plant Fatty Acids Synthesized by Thousands of Plants. It was introduced into Papua New Guinea in the early 1930s, where it is now a popular cash crop in the highlands at altitudes above 1500 m. London, UK: Cassell and Co., 391 pp. Riggle B, Bearmore R, Mundt G, Jachetta J, Redding K, 1999. These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. Its members are smaller, less straggling, with less dissected leaves and are adapted to long days. chiloense (A. Hawea Place, Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia), Tropicos website. Addressing pest and disease problems for the UK potato industry. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. New York, USA: Columbia University Press, 79-85. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution,. A member of the Solanaceae family, Solanum tuberosum L is also known by its common name of Potato. 3/6/2018 - David Werier Kings: 1992: BKL – BKL00074271 Herbarium Name Used: Solanum tuberosum by D'Arcy, W. G.]. (a) A plant ({Solanum tuberosum}) of the Nightshade family, and its esculent farinaceous tuber, of… more details ... Back. Costa Rica. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. The Pinatubo Negritos. Because of the species’ global importance as a staple food crop, caution and vigilance is essential when cultivating the species in order to minimize escape into the wild. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. USDA-ARS, 2014. http://plants.usda.gov/. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Most commercial cultivars of potato tuberize best in cool climates with night temperatures below 20°C. Kula Agriculture Station, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Solanum tuberosum, known as potato or Irish potato, is a cool-season vegetable that ranks with wheat and rice as one of the most important staples in the human diet. For North Carolina's climate and soil, some of the most reliable cultivars include thinner skinned potatoes such as ‘Yukon Gold’, ‘Kennebec’, and ‘Red Pontiac’. Potatoes are most often grown from "seed potatoes"– small tubers or pieces of tubers that sprout into a new plant. London, UK: Published for the Linnean Society of London by Academic Press, 49-85. The scientific basis for improvement. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Plant seed pieces 5-6 in apart with the eyes facing up. Species: Solanum tuberosum. Solanum tuberosum is the common cultivated potato known for its starchy tubers. http://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora_details.aspx?ID=2778, Panama Checklist, 2014. It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants … In: Solanaceae: biology and systematics, [ed. Philippine Journal of Science, 81:173-413. http://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora_details.aspx?ID=2778, Randall RP, 2012. The potato is a perennial plant that is easy to grow and wonderful to eat, freshly dug from the garden. Woolfe JA, 1987. 585 pp. Common name. Potato production and consumption in developing countries. During the 18th and 19th Centuries the potato was introduced into several tropical and subtropical countries, including the South-East Asian region, mainly by colonists from Europe. Flora Mesoamericana., St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Zhang Z Y, Wang Y X, Liu Y L, 1986. Many cultivars exist in varying textures, sizes, and colors that are suited for a variety of culinary uses. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=11, Flora of Nicaragua, 2014. Boca Raton, USA: CRC/Taylor & Francis, 336 pp. - cultivar group Tuberosum (subsp. Because of the species’ global importance as a staple food crop both in the international commercial industry and on the local scale, caution and vigilance is essential when cultivating the species in order to minimize cultivation escape into the wild. This family includes some of the world’s most important crop plant species, including potatoes, peppers, and tomatoes, as well as some of the world’s deadliest plant species, including belladonna (Atropa belladonna), jimsonweed (Datura stramonium), satan’s apple (Mandragora officinarum) and black henbane (Hyoscyamus niger). Quattrocchi U, 2012. Botanical name: Solanum tuberosum 'Charlotte' Common name: Potato ; Family: Solanaceae ; Plant Type: Vegetable ; Foliage colour: Green . NZPCN, 2014. Worldwide, tubers of the potato crop are used for direct human consumption (48%), processing (11%, of which 2% is for the production of starch), vegetative propagation (13%), stock feed (20%) and the remaining 8% is waste. South American Solanaceae: a synoptic survey. andigena) and cv. Fruit a subglobose berry, up to 2 cm in diameter, yellow-green, 2-carpellate, many-seeded, poisonous. S. tuberosum has a negative environmental impact if given the chance to become weedy; however because of its importance as one of the top staple food crops of the world, the species continues to be widely commercially cultivated. Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, 1124 pp. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. A specimen of the species was collected in Haiti in 1928 (Smithsonian Herbarium Collection). New York, Chichester (), Brisbane, Toronto, UK: John Wiley and Sons. If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases; ... Other common names potato Irish potato http://tropicos.org/Project/PAC, PBI Solanum Project, 2014. Growth Form: Perennial herb up to 1 m tall. Tropicos. It and the flea beetle (principally Epitrix spp.) Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Square-shaped stems, sometimes with wings on the edges. Description: Potatoes can be grown in most soils, other than heavy clay. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Cultivated Beds; Edible Uses. Goji. Common Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Description. Worldwide, the use of potatoes for alcohol production is negligible, but can be important in some locations. Lycianthes rantonnetii. Insects, Diseases, and Other Problems:  Potato late blight will rot tubers and render them inedible. As they grow, pile soil or mulch up around the base of the plant– this encourages the growth of more tubers along the submerged parts of the stem. FAO, 1991. J.]. by D'Arcy, W. G.]. Primera parte.) The potato is a root vegetable native to the Americas, a starchy tuber of the plant Solanum tuberosum, and the plant itself is a perennial in the nightshade family, Solanaceae.. Wild potato species, originating in modern-day Peru, can be found throughout the Americas, from Canada to southern Chile. The species is a rich source of protein, vitamin C and starch. van der Zaag DE, Horton D, 1983. Category : Veggies. Hijmans RJ, Forbes GA, Walker TS, 2000. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). Wyk BEvan, 2005. Potatoes are rich in starch and may affect glycemic control and insulin levels in … Solanaceae Source website., USA: Planetary Biodiversity Inventories (PBI), National Science Foundation. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Solanum is one of the largest genera of vascular plants with between 1000 and 1500 species, 1000 of which are speculated to be of American origin (Hunziker, 1979). In many Asian countries, potatoes are part of various curry dishes. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. Its members are tall, often straggling; leaves intensively dissected with numerous leaflets; adapted to short days; they usually produce rather irregularly shaped, deep-eyed and often pigmented tubers that are usually not acceptable to the more sophisticated markets of Europe and North America. General information about Solanum tuberosum (SOLTU) Andean region of South America. Tubers will turn green and produce toxic compounds if not sufficiently covered. Plant population is, therefore, best expressed as number of stems, rather than number of plants. Taiwan Plant Names, 2014. Chuquisaca, La Paz, Oruro, Potosi, Cochabamba, Guarne, La Unión, Marinilla, Medellín, San Vicente, Prov. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum): learn and get advice on how to grow, care, plant, hill up, hoe, water, harvesting, check on, identify. The growth of potato. L. I. Kostina (0 active accession[s]) Solanum tuberosum L. subsp. 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