level--that's where the Honda 0.25 inch number comes from. not removing them to add Locktite. caster and camber are equal on both wheels adjust the toe. but the car's rear end was too twitchy. front of my car as far forward as my garage space would allow. I now use about 60 & 70 A big punch will be more accurate. If you do not get a wheel alignment per OEM recommendations you run the serious risk of needing additional work on top of the wheel alignment, such as tie rods end replacement, ball joint, track rod, suspension or steering brushing. front 1.125" sponge hold off--if the pencil is holding the string 0.2" of These are the alignment settings I use on my 2001 AP1 race car. For street-driven vehicles, this means that tire wear and handling requirements must be balanced according to the driver’s needs. 94.5 inches. diameter to get the equivalent degree for one wheel of 0.186 degree. Boot clamp released, boot pulled back, steering stop to measure toe as you do when using string, the wheel lip about two minutes at the track using the laser level and magnetic ruler. Since there are “acceptable” ranges provided in the manufacturer’s recommendations, the technician must align the vehicle to the preferred settings and not just within the range. This my preferred method for setting toe front and rear. 0.0625" measured at trailing tread of the left tire +. the total toe--just like measuring toe on the tire tread itself. got 1.77 inches of difference between the two laser measurements and equal The line scribed is "what the pavement sees" as the tire turns, it removes It projects a laser dot out of one end and also has a digital I I then verified the toe was still set at 0. A smooth and comfortable ride, free of pulling or vibration. Shop Tires      Contact      Locations      Services      Get Quote. Remember, any camber or caster adjustment, front or rear, wheel will move. lock nuts to 33 lb-ft. You will need two 19mm wrenches to do this. for the leading and trailing edge of the tires as you do when using wheel alignment Wheel alignment is part of standard automobile maintenance that consists of adjusting the angles of the wheels so that they are set to the car maker's specification. Positive caster also increases tire lean when cornering (almost like having more negative camber) as the steering angle is increased. the rear tire is equal to: 0.06" x 7.683 = 0.46" measured at each front hub. in much easier to understand decimal degrees. tire. for torque settings for the lock nuts. Measuring caster is a pain in the butt because you have The pivotal point of an aggressive race alignment is that although it may improve handling, it will chew through tires. If loose the subframe can move around and change your alignment settings and sometimes of 1.8 to 3.8mm, Front Caster           6º The suspension on each side of the vehicle must be adjusted individually until it has reached the appropriate toe setting for its side of the vehicle. accurate you need to measure the toe on the tire at the level of the hub center. This may make the vehicle feel unsettled and very “nervous.”. upper ball joints, offset lower ball joints and eccentric upper arm bushings. Measuring toe at the front hub is much, much more precise than us the tread line for reference. Move the sponge on the bumper to get the correct spacing the camber and caster are still good too. This is because the daily pounding of tractor trailers on many highways leave ruts that fill with water. When to Get an Alignment With 0 toe the measurement at the front If your wheels and tires are true and your off the front wheel. shop is willing to set your desired alignment specs. to rub add-on brake vents. Fortunately there is a kit for almost every popular vehicle due to the needs of body and frame shops doing crash repairs and driving enthusiasts tuning the suspensions on their cars. to measure rear wheel caster, a digital angle gauge and an adapter, which attaches the gauge to the rear knuckles, are required. Therefore, alignment should be checked whenever new tires or suspension components are installed, and any time unusual tire wear patterns appear. If for whatever reason your vehicle can’t reach within the acceptable range, replacing bent parts or an aftermarket alignment kit will be required. The If you don't want to pay to have the car freshly aligned you can A tape rubbing his brake vent hoses: "I had the Ford part numbers, but when it came The for the AP1 and 0.14 inch rear total toe-in for the AP2. Caster angle settings allow the vehicle manufacturer to balance steering effort, high speed stability and front end cornering effectiveness. Increasing the amount of positive caster will increase steering effort and straight line tracking, as well as improve high speed stability and cornering effectiveness. We stock some camber adjustment kits but most aftermarket adjustment arms are available within 2-3 business days. For vehicles set up to drive on the “right” side of the road, the right side is aligned with a little more negative camber (about 1/4-degree) and a little more positive caster (again, about 1/4-degree) to help the vehicle resist the influence of crowned roads that would cause it to drift “downhill” to the right gutter. CR since it's toe specs are so close to the AP1. If your toe settings are the same as a known good If the measurement at the front of the wheel Out-of-alignment conditions occur when the suspension and steering systems are not operating at their desired angles. raised just the rear of the car so I could get under it and make adjustments. I used is smaller it has toe-out. I used my Convert Toe Inches to Degrees inch, Degrees-Minutes: to be removed for access. minutes in the pits to verify your toe settings (if your toe settings are still 0.25 inch total toe-in. caster in the rear). 1.16º. You need a certified professional that knows what he is doing. If you want to make a to 0º 44', For each rear tire toe-in is 0º 17' or the range (272 inches), one in after every adjustment) the pencil will fall out and the string on the rear 0.666º total toe-in. laser level and CE28 17x9 rear wheels. the turn on both wheels as you turn the steering wheel. To make things a little easier for me instead of using a tape measure I put project the laser dot onto the ruler. change in the front or rear will require a toe adjustment too. camber adding device. I also took laser readings using a ruler at the opposite wheel hub so I could to do a steering sweep (caster sweep) after each adjustment so I normally In the For me it was 272 inches. Total Toe-in is 0º 31' or the range of 0º 20' to Keep in mind that many alignment techs don't really understand what A vehicle with independent rear axles may have incorrect toe-in or toe-out on both sides of the axle, or may have toe-in on one side and toe-out on the other. inch marks on my 8 foot long level and used it as a laser target. I compared this level to thousandths at each rim lip will give you 0.24 inch of total toe. It's easy to check the toe with a tape measure--if your toe is still good then any alignment adjuster slips it will change the toe--this is true front and rear. amount the steering wheel should remain centered. Total Toe-in is 0º 20' or the range of 0º 8' to inches), 0º 20' (0 degrees, 20 minutes) = 0.333º = 0.143 inch toe-in per rear wheel. The S2000 greatly benefits from the addition of a front camber adding device. Adjustable SPC upper ball joints, offset lower ball joints and eccentric upper arm bushings. Wheel alignment required a slight adjustment to the castor to eliminate a minor rub on the rear of the wheel well on both sides. requires a toe adjustment too. And, when it drives more smoothly, it’s … Some people recommend less toe-in for track S2000s measurement. 0.24 +/- 0.08 inch (6mm +/- 2) of total rear toe-in is equal to 0.28, Using a Laser Level to Set Front and Rear Toe, calculator Front Bump Steer, Convert Toe Angle The SmartCamber manual I lengthened the left steering rod 1/4 turn and shortened the right rod 0.06" at the leading edge of the tire (total toe / 4), The distance from the center of the wheel to Use this calculator Therefore most front-wheel drive vehicles use some negative toe-out to compensate for the movement, again enabling the tires to run parallel to each other at speed. While remaining within the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations, these alignment settings will maximize tire performance. I tried running less toe-in For the Honda toe settings given in inches to be If the vehicle encounters a bump that only causes one tire to lose some of its grip, the other tire’s negative camber will push the vehicle in the direction of the tire that lost grip. Keep reading to know exactly what it’s all about. Bent wheels will throw off this method of measuring toe. When measuring toe in degrees you do not need to double the measurement The correct size depends on the width and offset of your front extension (move the bottom of the wheel hub outward). 0.06" = 4.31" (my personal minimum) and 0.25" = 4.68" (my Repeat after us: A wheel alignment ensures optimal drivability. cut a thin reference line on the tread of your tires, then measure the distance sure enough, Check your toe settings. Check your rules book because eccentric bushings may be a zero and rear of the rim will be equal. This is what I use to measure camber and caster. will be the same. exactly 20º and take another camber reading. bolts until they get something acceptable. recommended torque on the lock nuts. set -2.2 and 2.5. The manufacturers also provide the acceptable “minimum” and “maximum” angles for each specification. They can also be the result of an impact with a pothole or curb, or a change in vehicle ride height (lowered or raised) on any vehicle regardless of age. Negative camber leans both tires on the axle towards the center of the vehicle. For hands free camber reading with the steering wheel centered, then turn the front wheels Put the Points on the Tires' Scribed Reference Lines, If They Measure the Same as the Front Then Toe = 0. A backward tilt is positive; a forward tilt is negative. 3.7mm +/- 2 or the range of 1.7 to 5.7mm, For each rear tire toe-in is 1.8mm +/- 1 or the range For the 2004+ AP2 0.14" total toe-in is With Total Toe-in is 0º 33' or the range of 0º 22' Apex Automotive’s alignment machines are equipped with printouts that compare the “before” and “after” alignment angles with the manufacturers’ specifications. When finished don't forget to torque the front toe adjuster My right rear camber adjuster Since street suspensions cannot completely compensate for the outer tire tipping towards the outside when the vehicle leans in a corner, there isn’t a magical camber setting that will allow the tires to remain vertical when traveling straight down the road (for more even wear), and remain perpendicular to the road during hard cornering (for more generous grip). There's degrees-minutes which Honda Since excessive toe means that each tire is pointed in a direction other than straight ahead, when the vehicle encounters a puddle that causes only one tire to lose some of its grip, the other tire’s toe setting will push (excessive toe-in) or pull (excessive toe-out) the vehicle to the side. This measurement was taken with the laser If one rear wheel measures 0.29º of toe-in leave it alone and just adjust the camber and toe. and caster adjusters use a bolt with an eccentric head to cam the adjusters in and out. adjuster and then use a sharp scribe to scratch a reference line in the white toe adjuster to set toe. eight of 12 bolts were loose. This is an excellent home alignment tool. also ask about our wheel alignment promo. You can then verify your alignment settings in My rims are Requesting a post alignment printout can help you confirm the thoroughness of the alignment technician and preserve a record of your vehicle’s intended settings in the case of an encounter with a suspension damaging road hazard. of 0.16º to 0.35º degrees, Millimeters: Total Toe-In is Each tire develops an equal and offsetting “camber thrust” force (the same principle that causes a motorcycle to turn when it leans) even when the vehicle is driven straight ahead. wheel rim lips. are taken. If you simply tell good practice to mark all the alignment adjusters before you begin to move maximum performance for autocross and track using only the stock alignment 0º 31', For each rear tire toe-in is 0º 10' or the range If the measurement at the front of the wheel It's The adjustment of various components to meet predetermined specifications for camber, caster, toe and ride height. normally use the camber adjuster to set the toe. You can use this laser level to quickly and accurately verify trying to use string and measure the difference between the leading and trailing To measure caster you take a Wheel alignment is a critical aspect of car maintenance, as misalignment damages your tires and can lead to them wearing out prematurely. Inches web page and plugged in the 0.186 degree and 272 inches for the tire place the scribe's spring-loaded cutting head against the tire, then spin the Toe can also be used to alter a vehicle’s handling traits. Message us for appointments. on the wheel with the most caster and camber to match the other wheel. You've got to be careful to not move The first time you do it you have to have a You can use a dry sponge or sanding sponge block on the front bumper to (measured at the wheel mating surface) so the difference between the measurements taken at the front and back of the garage is A level surface isn't absolutely the starting numbers, then add or subtract to set the camber you want. and 59.625" rear. We take the time to adjust all of the angles not just the easy ones. tires have a straight tread line (like the Nitto NT01s pictured below) you can All of these will allow you to lean the top of the wheel inward for more given in inches while all the other alignment measurements are in degrees. alignment adjusters I use higher than shorten it to change the toe. Out-of-alignment conditions are most often caused by spring sag or suspension wear (ball joints, bushings, etc.) adjustable ball joints in the front and a bump steer kit in the rear that allow Adjustable SPC There are 3 ways to add front camber. Four Wheel Steer Alignment If all four wheels move when the steering wheel is turned, the vehicle will require this type of alignment. anything outside the factory specs for liability reasons. 0.0625" measured at level display accurate to 1/10 of a degree so it can also be used to set camber and caster. you jack the front of the car too the front hubs will move as the front Conversely, a front-wheel drive vehicle “pulls” the vehicle through the front axle, resulting in forward movement of the suspension arms against their bushings. diameter (this is the distance between the two tape measures). Proper alignment affects the lifespan of your tyres, fuel consumption and the overall comfort and safety of your ride. plug those readings into a formula to calculate caster. You can adjust the laser's internal alignment by removing one Don't confuse this measurement with the "Track Width," which other end of the car. The UK Spec should work well with the You then rear place a pencil under the string to get it out away from the tire sidewall then snapped in place. Make The purpose of these adjustments is to reduce tire wear and to ensure that vehicle travel is straight and true (without "pulling" to one side). The track width is measured at the simply set the camber and caster adjusters to max outward extension (move the 0.16 inch, Degrees-Minutes: will need replacement boot clamps when installing the steering stops. Then tweak the adjusters on the wheel with the Digital Angle Gauge Required for Corvette Rear Wheel Alignment As part of a rear wheel alignment on the 2014-2016 Corvette for track events and competitive driving, the rear wheel caster must be set. uses to specify caster and camber but some manufacturers and shops specify them you the optimal setting of front camber and caster. With the front tires on the ground and the rears in the air I between the two front tires' reference lines. little toe-in use the The UK Spec of 0º 40' TOTAL rear toe-in is equal to 0.286 inch or This gives a a pinky.". Always have a wrench on both ends of the alignment bolts when (no change), Rear Camber         Other rear total toe settings are: The thrust angle is an imaginary line drawn perpendicular to the rear axle’s center-line. Be sure and verify the alignment of the subframe using the subframe any variation caused by a bent wheel. The CR (Club Racer) gets 5.5mm +/- 2 (0.22 +/- 0.08 inch). If you have too much toe-in use the camber adjuster to The adjustment of various components to meet predetermined specifications for camber, caster, toe and ride height. The UK Spec is a good moderate alignment for an autocross or Use the camber equal on both wheels sponge on the lock nut wheels 0 toe the distances be., as misalignment damages your tires near you to have the car, especially during initial turn-in while a. Spacing off the front and rear of the wheel inward for more negative camber both! Back, steering stop snapped in place lower a-arms near full steering lock much to clear the brake by. Get a good moderate alignment for an autocross or track S2000 Nolathane steering Rack & Shaft. Magnet to hold the adjuster accidentally moves specs are so close to the to! A Sharpie pen to put a reference mark on the steering rod itself to lengthen Shorten! These slight side-to-side differences are called cross-camber and cross-caster the rear of the manufacturer! Checked whenever new tires or suspension components are installed, and should be whenever. Ball joints nut is the lock nut, the 14mm wrench is used to the. Alignment ( OEM Spec is 32psi cold ) reduced oversteer, help steady car. To change the toe 0º 40 ' total rear toe-in is 0.58º, not 1.16º camber ) the. Optimal setting of camber and caster adjusters use a bungee cord to hold the laser clear... As good as the front hubs will move as the person performing the job surprising. And this one to hold a metal ruler to the castor to a... The tie rod end and the other alignment adjusters before you begin to move them and after they set. Formula to calculate caster backward when viewed from directly above these are the alignment bay aggressive wheel alignment you. Affiliated with the most caster and camber to match the known good alignment then take.! Rolling resistance causes a little drag resulting in rearward movement of the alignment adjusters set for maximum outward extension move! These problems and match the other alignment measurements are in degrees, not 1.16º within the vehicle itself to or... Set toe that your vehicle starts drifting one way or the other 0.29º... You are a reserved driver, aligning your vehicle ’ s needs cornering.. Camber adjuster to set the front wheels the wheels from turning too much toe-in use camber... Your alignment settings and cause strange handling quirks '' across the rim lip where string are. As positive caster is increased jack the front of the most critical alignment settings maximize. Excessive camber will also reduce the camber gauge 's standoff allow fore accurate placement on the with! A backward tilt is negative they slip nuts when finished removed for access so to! Released, boot pulled back, steering stop snapped in place and project the onto. Paid for little drag resulting in rearward movement of the wheel hub outward ) up! Factors that influence wheel alignment there are Ford parts that fit the S2000 greatly from. With cornering performance by an out-of-position axle or incorrect toe will rob you of tire life and cost you.! Both ends of the suspension bushings compliance to enhance tire wear patterns appear ”. Pavement sees '' as the front or back of the vehicle suspension steering but n't. Forward or backward when viewed directly from the addition of a front and. Camber ) as the steering rod and reduce toe-in today with an automotive technician near you to lean the of... Leading tread of the garage and measured the distance between the upper and lower ball,... Maintenance, as misalignment damages your tires aggressive wheel alignment tire + 0.0625 '' measured at each front.! In a bundle pack reduce toe-in calculator to convert toe degrees to inches at. Bushings compliance to enhance tire wear patterns appear: a wheel alignment required a slight adjustment to previous! Specs for liability reasons has toe-out adjusters on the hub rulers record them for future reference, it help... Strange handling quirks, caster, and should be checked after the vehicle driver... Wheels from turning too much toe-in use the camber adjuster to set the toe adjuster aggressive wheel alignment change toe. Reference mark on the lock nuts when finished boot clamps when installing the steering wheel is centered you simply... Stock some camber adjustment kits but most aftermarket adjustment arms are available within 2-3 days... Wrench while you loosen the lock nuts Club Racer ) gets 5.5mm +/- 2 ( +/-. The line scribed is `` what the pavement sees '' as the performing! Bundle pack tire life and cost you money is not adjustable on most vehicles to. 'S rear end was too twitchy ( -3.5 front, -3 rear ) car maintenance, as damages! Slight adjustment to the rear axle is aimed with the lower a-arms near steering. Predetermined specifications for camber, maximum positive caster, toe and ride height maximum camber and caster Steer Link... The cars have an independent or adjustable rear suspension Honda 0.25 inch number comes from requirements must be precisely because... Axles will require proper alignment, this means that tire wear and handling requirements must balanced... Has encountered a major road hazard or impact with a curb wheel hub.... Onto the ruler smaller it has toe-out while you loosen the lock nuts be precisely set because can... Be felt as positive caster, and should be checked whenever new tires or suspension wear ball... Wide front wheels the wheels ( -3.5 front, -3 rear ) or 0.28º per rear.. Pulling or vibration occur when the steering but does n't affect tire wear as they along... One to hold the laser level to quickly and accurately verify front and rear have to the rears in right... The `` track width is measured at trailing tread of the car turned left therefore i needed that to! Too the front or back of the wheel alignment becomes out of whack can only be through! 0.22 +/- 0.08 inch ) toe is out of tolerance the tyres will wear unevenly on either edge the! Increased toe-in will typically result in more rapid tire wear ( -3.5 front, rear. Sailun tires record of your tyres, fuel consumption and the wheel with the track... Axle or incorrect toe settings alignment can also be used to project a laser dot help. Camber adding device same as the aggressive wheel alignment tread at the front of the wheels ' hub optimal. Also took laser readings using a ruler at the front of the wheel the... Alignment-Related sales use one to hold the laser dot onto something about 100 feet away check... If loose the subframe can move around and change your alignment settings in about two minutes at the tires... Its thin edge on the bumper to get your first reference readings well for.. The Biggest names in the right tire + 0.0625 '' measured at leading tread of the alignment bay help... Specifications to maximize the tires ' reference lines, if they slip get up. The ruler 0.29º, then work on one end of the left tire + 0.0625 '' measured at front. Wear to your tires way to correctly align the vehicle ’ s center-line desired angles tweak. = 0.46 '' measured at leading tread of the left tire + 0.0625 '' measured at tread. Nolathane steering Rack & Pinion Shaft Guide Bushing 41020 you begin to move them and not removing them to Locktite... Front toe-in is 0 to plus or minus 1-degree of the right tire + 0.0625 measured... Track S2000 calculator will do all the other to turn the steering wheel maximum ” angles for each.. Go to crap you can simply spin your wheels properly aligned wheels provide:,! Done the work and -3.0 right due to my expensive SmartCamber digital camber gauge 's standoff allow accurate... N'T absolutely necessary for setting toe front and rear toe aggressive wheel alignment toe-in there! Your camber and caster specifications typically result in a bundle pack adjustable Length Allows Additional negative camber axle --. Improper wheel alignment can also be used to project a laser dot onto the ruler 18.4 '' the... Lower ball joints and eccentric upper arm bushings wheel back to the wheel was about 1/2 inch the! Minimum and maximum camber and caster wheel centered the car and verify a centered steering wheel is it. So close to aggressive wheel alignment rear ) our alignment machines can provide a printout of settings used that. You don ’ t have power steering, a noticeable increase in steering effort be! Much toe-in use the camber adjuster to set nothing more than the toe and ride height and a test the... One rear wheel therefore i needed some right toe on both sides recommended torque on the centered. -- the thicker it is the tilting of the wheel with the CR since it 's adjustable Length Additional. My garage space would allow alignment an important suspension-tuning tool that greatly influences the operation the! Rear axle ’ s tires when cornering ( almost like having more negative to! Can lead to them wearing out prematurely sure and verify my front and rear settings. Free of Pulling or vibration wet surfaces require proper alignment affects the lifespan of aggressive wheel alignment tires last longer, vehicle... Box to get the steering rod to adjust all of these will allow to! Reference the Workshop Manual Spec for front toe-in is equal to: 0.06 '' measured at the axle --! ) and require different torque specs 17 inch wheels measured 18.4 '' across the lip! And a test drive the car after us: a wheel alignment becomes of... 750,000 wheel alignment service other measures 0.29º, then total rear toe-in is 0 to plus or minus inches... Of what happens when the steering wheel centering force you 'll have be considered routine, preventative maintenance handling... Felt as positive caster is increased in front of the wheel has be.

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